The practice of self-defense martial arts teaches many aspects of defense against weapons, multiple attackers, clinch, etc. Attacks though are usually forbidden in sport martial arts. Eye gouging, groin kicks, hits to the back of the head and other dangerous moves are part of this art. However, the lack of sparing, the unrealistic surroundings and more theoretical techniques often contribute to lack of effectiveness.
Fred Mastro, self-defense expert and creator of “Mastro Defense system”, showed his skills in MMA fight. Limiting MMA ruleset and lack of striking, grappling and any other skills of the above-mentioned expert, took the fight in the only direction it could go.